The 3 Key Themes of The Sociocultural Learning Theory. 1. Sociocultural theory (SCT) illustrates how an individuals development is connected to cultural, social and historical framework. In her reflections on the narrative research approach, the author starts by placing narrative research within the framework of sociocultural theory, where the challenge for the researcher is to examine and understand how human actions are related to the social context in which they occur and how and where they occur through growth. Lev Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory. A sociocultural theory of learning “begins with assumption that action is mediated and that it cannot be separated from the social milieu in which it is carried out” (Wertsch, 1991, p. 18). The sociocultural context surrounding individuals has undergone many important changes over the recent decades and centuries. Some important elements of this theory include scaffolding, inner and outer speech, and the zone of proximal development. Sociocultural theory and research also helps educators discover how better to support children’s education. Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky’s (1896-1934) sociocultural learning theory emphasizes the role of social interactions with parents, caregivers, and peers in cognitive development. 2. Once children can perform the task unaided, the Sociocultural theories of development and education emphasize the influence of society, social institutions and interactions on learning and cognitive development. Sociocultural theory is an emerging theory in psychology that looks at the important contributions that society makes to individual development. His translated seminal works, Mind in society (Vygotsky, 1978) and Thought and language (Vygotsky, 1986) addressed the critical importance of social and cultural context to human cognitive development. Until the 1990s, some key concepts of his theory (e.g., mediation, regulation, microgenesis, private, and inner speech, and activity theory) showed great impact on SLL. sociocultural theory that he nearly single-handedly constructed” (Whiteside, 2007: 48). This chapter describes the mutually defining and supportive relations between psychological development and the sociocultural contexts in which development occurs. The Sociocultural Learning Theory is based upon the idea that a learner's environment plays a pivotal role in his/her learning development. Then the chapter discusses sociocultural contexts and why they are important for understanding development. As one of the most prominent sociocultural theorists, Vygotsky saw a strong relationship between thought and speech: As a young child’s language skills develop, egocentric speech contributes to cognitive development and learning. Sociocultural Research Area 1: Learning in Interaction with Adults: Scaffolding Social Scaffold – supports children’s task performance, allows them to extend the range of their activities and perform tasks that would be impossible for them to perform alone. Social interaction emphasized that effective learning happens through participation in social activities, making the social context of learning crucial. REFLECTION. Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory Lev Vygotsky is considered the grandfather of sociocultural theory. Keywords: ESL, education, adult learners, sociocultural learning Vygotsky’s Contribution s to Sociocultural Theory Vygotsky’s theory on language and thinking has received considerable attention in the general psycholinguistic literature. Hudelson, 1998; Lave & Wenger, 1991; Wertsch, 1991). Sociocultural Theory of Development 3. Social and cognitive development are interactive. Vygotsky’s theory development emphasizes socio – cultural influences on development. It begins with the historical and functional basis of these relations offered by evolutionary psychology. Table 2 Tenets of Sociocultural Theory This presentation highlights service learning as an interactive learning tool for students to incorporate problem based learning and introduces reflection as a means of assessment. This theory can be applied throughout the lifespan and across cultures. Hana Le Desma Sociocultural theory Children’s development is influenced by culture. Table 2 summarizes the basic tenets of sociocultural theory. However, when sociocultural theory is used to inform data generation and analysis, a different and more positive explanation of their thinking can be made. Vygotsky's sociocultural theory views human development as a socially mediated process in which children acquire their cultural values, beliefs, and problem-solving strategies through collaborative dialogues with more knowledgeable members of society. 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