Leaves and/or sheaths pubescent, at least at junction of blade and sheath. Widest leaf blades usually 5+ mm wide; plants usually cespitose. Mackenzie appears to have arranged sections using much the same criteria although he never explained his arrangement. Carex suilla J.Fellm. Perigynia 3.5+ mm, apex tapering or abruptly beaked. Tip of perigynium beak entire or with 2 teeth less than 0.6 mm. Perigynium with not more than 5 veins extending length of body on abaxial face, veinless or weakly veined on adaxial face. Our effective formula with added moisturisers, removes dirt and germs and provides antibacterial protection. a–q); then sections usually included in subg. The genus Carex was established by Carl Linnaeus in his work Species Plantarum in 1753, and is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. The voucher specimen is C. lurida— Fernald and Long 18155 ( MASS!). Perigynia sharply angled in cross section. Culms usually trigonous, sometimes round. Leaves at least sparingly septate-nodulose. Most hybrids are sterile or have very low fertility and most are rare or uncommon. Perigynia with margins of body and beak entire. Leaf and bract sheaths and blades glabrous, sometimes finely papillose. Perigynia 4–5 mm; widest leaf blades 4+ mm wide. Achenes, at most, filling only proximal 1/2 of bodies of perigynia. Perigynia not prominently veined, veins somewhat impressed. 5.1 Key to sections of Carex; 5.2 Key A. Spike 1 per culm, all flowers attached to main stem in terminal spike. Leaves not more than 8 mm wide, blades and usually sheaths pubescent. Perigynia mostly more than 2 times as long as wide, widest near base. Distal pistillate scales with apex acute to short-awned, awn less than 1/2 as long as body. In some species, such as C. sprengelii, the veins in the sheaths are heavily sclerified and persist as fibrous tufts at the base of the plant and along the rhizome after the leaves decay. Staminate spike usually 1; perigynia 15–20-veined, 10–20 mm. Carex: Leaves of many species have sharp and saw-like edges. Perigynia slightly to strongly inflated, thin walled, yellowish to purlish, shiny. Inflorescences usually branched, at least proximally, usually with more than 15 spikes; pistillate scales usually yellow or brown, sometimes with hyaline margins, 3-veined. $36.95. Longest pistillate scales less than 5 mm, black or dark brown, not leaf like; at least some lateral spikes cauline. Apex of perigynium beak distinctly bidentate. Perigynia with veins on faces, ± distinct at least over achene. Phylogenetic analysis of Carex (Cyperaceae): Generic and subgeneric relationships based on chloroplast DNA. Carex is a huge genus of more than 1,500 species of perennials with triangular, grass-like stems and panicles of flowerheads in short spikes. Perigynia papillose (20X); peduncles with or without prophyll. Plant base red or purple tinged, sometimes sparsely. 47: 226–230. Flora Europaea. Leaf blades, at least widest, M-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein. Catling, P. M., A. Perigynium beakless or with beak 0.5 mm or less, entire or with 2 apical teeth less than 0.1 mm. Kingdom Plantae Phylum Tracheophyta Class Liliopsida Order Poales Family Cyperaceae Genus Carex Specific name vaginata. Achenes with style not conspicuously enlarged at base, usually deciduous or at most leaving short apiculus at apex. Phylogenetic relationships in Cariceae (Cyperaceae) based on ITS (nrDNA) and trnT-L-F (cpDNA) region sequences: Assessment of subgeneric and sectional relationships in Carex with emphasis on section Acrocystis. Plants densely cespitose; culms serrulate on angles distally. Rhizomes with tight cortex, not detaching on drying. Roalson E. H., J. T. Columbus, and E. A. Friar. One of the most striking golden Japanese Sedge, award-winning Carex oshimensis 'Evergold' is a very distinctive ornamental grass with narrow arching creamy-yellow leaves adorned with fine dark green edges. Leaf blades, at least distally, M-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface usually with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein; staminate spikes 1–4. Pistillate scales with 1–3-veined center. Many single-spiked species, however, were associated with sections Kükenthal had included in the other subgenera. 26: 318–341. Perfect for brightening up shady areas in the garden. In a few species, such as C. tribuloides, C. projecta, C. longii, C. ozarkana, and several others, the vegetative shoots may overwinter and produce new shoots at the nodes; in many species of sect. All pistillate scales obtuse to acuminate or cuspidate. Distal leaves (often near base) bladeless or blades not more than 1 cm and not longer than sheaths. Perigynia ovoid, usually at least 1.5 times as long as wide; apex tapered to beak; sheaths of proximal leaves not septate-nodulose. Carex (subg. Zhurn. Resembling small, feathery palms, Carex muskingumensis (Palm Sedge) is a dense, clump-forming sedge boasting numerous tapering, bright green leaves that radiate from lax stems. Perigynia papillose; pistillate spikes cylindric with usually more than 30 perigynia. Product # FGA83000 0000 Walker Basket; Fits Most Walkers w/o Tools; Dimensions : 7" x 16" x 6" Read More. Perigynia usually not more than 3.2 mm, apex rounded and beakless or abruptly beaked. Longest pistillate scales 10+ mm, green, often leaflike; lateral spikes basal. Apex of perigynium beak terminated by 2 teeth, mostly at least 0.5 mm. Terminal spike usually staminate; stigmas always 2. In some, the rhizomes are elongated, and the plants may form extensive swards. – spikerush P: Genus Eriophorum L. – cottongrass P: Genus Fimbristylis Vahl – fimbry P: Genus Fuirena Rottb. Distal leaves with blades more than 2 cm, longer than sheaths. Carex comosa ×C. Carex morrowii 'Ice Dance'. Perigynia tapering at base, sides proximally straight, concave or slightly convex. The ligule is mostly fused to the blade, with a narrow, entire or erose-ciliate free portion. Plants loosely cespitose, sometimes long-rhizomatous; pistillate scales, at least distally, obtuse. Perigynia 3–4+ times as long as wide, 3–6 mm. Species of Carex are important constituents of many peat deposits that are exploited commercially. Plant with at least some red or purple at base. Pistillate scales obtuse to acuminate, awnless or at most with a rough apiculus. All species have rhizomes, though in densely cespitose species the rhizomes are often very short and inconspicuous, leading some authors to consider them absent. Bracts of proximal nonbasal spikes with blade at least 3 mm, often much longer. Pistillate scales, at least some, with scabrous awn. Proximal perigynia in each spike ascending or spreading-ascending; leaf blades and sheaths not septate-nodulose. These basal fibrous tufts should not be confused with ladder-fibrillose sheaths. Culms purple-red at base; achenes with style persistent. Tip of perigynium beak entire, emarginate, or with 2 teeth less than 0.5 mm. The pistillate flower of Carex is believed to be derived by reduction from an inflorescence unit similar to those found in Kobresia and Schoenoxiphium, namely a branch in the axil of a scalelike bract bearing pistillate flower(s) proximally and staminate flowers distally (D. L. Smith and J. S. Faulkner 1976). True vegetative stems are characteristic of Carex sect. 2001) do not support their recognition. with Carex - Sedges. Perigynia (4–)4.5–10 mm, ascending to spreading; pistillate scales persistent. Carex comans Bronze-Leaved is a delightful New Zealand Hairy Sedge forming a low, cascading mound of narrowly linear, reddish-brown leaves, with inconspicuous brown flower spikes in late summer. Larger leaves and sheaths distinctly septate-nodulose; perigynia usually strongly veined on faces. Perigynium veined to tip of body and often into beak; widest leaves mostly more than 4 mm wide. Perigynia ascending at maturity; leaf blades somewhat scabrid, widest more than 1 mm wide. Widest leaves not more than 1 mm wide; rhizomes not more than 1 mm wide, mostly without persistent scales; scales at base of culms and on rhizomes not or scarcely fibrous. Perigynia veinless, somewhat glossy when mature; culms without red at base. Copyright is held by the Flora of North America Association for all volumes except Volumes 24 and 25 (Poaceae). The investigations generally do not support the morphologically based hypothesis (V. I. Kreczetowicz 1936) that most single-spiked species of Carex are recently derived from multi-spiked species, but they have confirmed that a small number of unispicate species are closely related to multi-spiked species. Egorova, T. V. 1999. rrr). Perigynia widest near middle; culms usually not more than 1 mm wide distally. Widest leaf blades not more than 6 mm wide, not septate-nodulose. Pistillate scales obtuse to acuminate or cuspidate. In a few sections, hybrids are much more frequent and may be locally common, in particular in sects. Summer is sedge season (who am I kidding… every season is sedge season! Perigynia 1.2–2(–2.5) times as long as wide, 1.5–4(–4.5) mm. Margins of perigynium beak entire or minutely and sparsely serrulate. Potential forage value of some eastern Canadian sedges (Cyperaceae: Carex). Culms distinctly red or purple at base; spikes usually pistillate. Easy to grow, low maintenance, vigorous, cold-hardy and a compact clumping habit make 'Everest' a splendid ground cover or container plant. Although the classification and phylogeny of Carex have been the subjects of much debate, the evidence does not allow definitive conclusions. Carex, they are well developed and exceed the fertile stems. Historic accounts of previously published classifications and phylogenetic interpretations, based primarily on morphologic and anatomic evidence, are available (T. V. Egorova 1999; A. Spikelets 1-flowered; scales 0–1. In some wetland species, the sheaths are spongy with large air cavities between the cross veins. In North America, most authors have followed K. K. Mackenzie’s (1931–1935) arrangement of the genus, in which he did not recognize subgenera and instead divided the North American Carex into 71 sections. The spikes are unisexual or bisexual: in bisexual spikes either the distal flowers are staminate and the proximal pistillate (androgynous) or the distal flowers are pistillate and the proximal staminate (gynecandrous). Distal pistillate scales awned, awn usually more than 1/2 body length; staminate spikes 1, sometimes with 1 much smaller spike laterally. Indocarex occur in North America. At least proximal perigynia in each spike spreading or reflexed; leaves sparsely septate-nodulose. Easy to grow, low maintenance, cold-hardy and a compact clumping habit are qualities that make 'Evercream' a splendid edging or container plant. Sedge is a grass-like plant in the genus Carex. Perigynia distinctly veined on faces; pistillate scales brown or black. Leaves and sheaths usually glabrous, rarely papillose. Primocarex was artificial and that all single-spiked species were derived by reduction from the other three subgenera or even from the genus Uncinia (V. I. Kreczetowicz 1936). Bracts of proximal nonbasal spikes bladeless or with blade not more than 2 mm. Perigynia linear-lanceoloid, 3–4 times as long as wide; achenes 1.5–2.5 mm. Providing year-round color, Carex oshimensis 'Everlite' is a very distinctive Japanese Sedge with narrow, arching, creamy leaves adorned with rich green edges. Systematics and ecology of the genus Carex (Cyperaceae). Carex Health Brands has been the branded leader in in-home, self-care medical products for over 35 years. Plants usually colonial; perigynia and leaves often papillose. Perigynia pubescent; pistillate spikes ovoid with not more than 25 perigynia. Since Linnæus, botanists have divided the sedges into 2,000 species in more than 70 sections in varying numbers of tribes or subgenera. Aquatic Bot. Sheath fronts of proximal cauline leaves transversely rugose. Leaf blades not papillose; pistillate scales 1–3-veined. Perigynia with more than 2 veins extending most of length of bodies. 602–609. Plants cespitose; margins and beak of perigyium coarsely and densely serrulate. Terminal spike staminate or gynecandrous, pistillate flowers then as many as or more numerous than staminate; lateral spikes not much longer than wide. 1990. Cambridge. The Carex® brand provides a full line of Home Health Care Mobility, Bath Safety and Personal Care products that improve quality of life. Culms shorter than leaves; widest leaf blades at least 2 mm wide. Perigynia strongly 12–30-veined; proximal bract sheaths not more than 5 mm. littoral marsh plants, such as species of Carex, Juncus, Myosotis and Rorippa, as well as submerged aquatic plants. Perigynium body obovoid, widest distally; proximal bract at least 3 times as long as inflorescence. Inflorescences in fruit 1–1.5 times as long as wide. Leaf blades M-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein and other marginal veins, sometimes apparent only on proximal leaves and on proximal part of blade. Many deviations from these generalizations exist. Plants not cespitose, some colony forming. Terminal spike staminate, androgynous, or if gynecandrous, staminate flowers more numerous than pistillate; lateral spikes at least 2 times as long as wide. Our goal is to improve the lives of our customers by providing quality products that bring dignity back to their lives. Perigynia with 2 distinct marginal veins, otherwise veinless or only very faintly veined; leaves not septate-nodulose. Treatments of Carex do not strictly follow the usual sequence of characteristics; the sequence reflects their complex morphology and the fact that descriptions generally refer to the stage when fruit is developed but not fully ripe. In all cases, fertile stems die after fruiting. Distal pistillate scales acuminate or with awn less than 1/2 body length; staminate spikes usually 2+. All investigations have confirmed the monophylly of subg. J. Bot. Pistillate scales with margins entire, apex awnless or with short, smooth awn. Proximal pistillate scales less than 10 mm. 2000. Mentioned on page 3, 5, 252, 255, 256, 257, 258, 333, 40. Perigynium beak entire, emarginate, or with apical teeth not more than 0.1 mm. Leaf blades glabrous on adaxial surface, often with rough margins or rough tip; beak of perigyium straight. Perigynium beak usually not more than 1 mm. However, the word is most commonly applied to the genus Carex. In such species, shoots may be vegetative in the first year and flower in a subsequent year. Distal pistillate scales with awn at least about as long as body. Carex (Sedge) are top-notch foliage perennials belonging to a vast genus including over 1,500 species of deciduous or evergreen, rhizomatous or tufted perennials. Carex. Sheaths are often differentiated, with the front (the side opposite the blade) being thin, translucent, and sometimes dotted or veined. When veined, the disintegration and tearing of the sheath front may leave a regular pattern of veins described as ladder-fibrillose. (Lancaster) 42: 53–81. Amer. Style persistent on achene in fruit; larger leaves and sheaths usually at least sparsely septate-nodulose, rarely not. Pistillate scales with margins serrulate distally; awn, when present, rough. Eriophorum cosmusum (Cotton sedge): A glabrous herb with long perianth hairs used for stuffing. A. Reznicek 1990), and in a few species it is well developed and shortly extruded. 4. Vegetative shoots usually have only basal leaves, with the stemlike aboveground portion being composed only of overlapping leaf sheaths. Proximal perigynia in each spike ascending or spreading-ascending. Perigynia rounded at base, sides proximally convex. Perigynia spreading or reflexed at maturity; leaf blades glabrous, less than 1 mm wide. Perigynia minutely papillose, at least distally (20X). ex Britton – cymophyllus P: Genus Cyperus L. – flatsedge P: Genus Dulichium Pers. Widest leaf blades 1–2 mm wide; plants without long-peduncled basal pistillate spikes. Larger spikes with not more than 40 perigynia; achenes 1–2 mm. Indocarex that have been investigated are ambiguously grouped with the bulk of subg. Perigynia 4+ times as long as wide (8–15 × 1–3 mm). Culms not exceeding 60(–80) cm; pistillate spikes not more than 60 mm, with not more than 30 perigynia. Pistillate scales with 5–7-veined center. Studies in wetland carices of the temperate zone. Perigynia bluntly angled in cross section. Canad. Carex, as currently circumscribed (GCG, 2015), is a nearly cosmopolitan genus. 2009). Distal leaves on culms bladeless or with blade less than 1 cm. Tip of perigynium beak with 2 teeth at least (0.4–)0.5 mm. Carex Appressa or Tall Sedge is used as an ornamental grass in damp conditions and will reach 70 – 80 cm. Manual of the Carices of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Basin. 1994). Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Home; About; Browse; Statistics; Feedback; How to use this site; ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. Carex species like a position in full sun or half-sun with moist well-drained soil. Perigynium beak 0.5–3 mm, often 1+ mm, about 1/2 length of body; proximal pistillate scales awned. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Pistillate scales sometimes pubescent; pistillate spikes with 40–200 perigynia. Plants usually colonial, not cespitose; perigynia papillose at least faintly. Perigynia with 5+ distinct veins; at least proximal leaves septate-nodulose, rarely not. Apex of perigynium beak entire, emarginate, or very shallowly bidentate. Most spikes entirely pistillate or staminate, occasionally with 1 androgynous. Beak of perigynium mostly 2 mm or longer and at least as long as body. Montane grasslands may also have significant biomass in species of Carex utilized by domestic animals and wildlife. At least proximal perigynia in each spike spreading. Leaf sheaths and usually blades pubescent. Beak of perigynium entire, notched, or with teeth less than 0.6 mm. Widest leaf blades 8–23 mm wide, septate-nodulose. Pp. It is intended to facilitate collaboration between state and federal agencies engaged in the collection of vegetation data, and to support vegetation map consistency (although it is not a map standard). Brightening up the shade garden, Carex 'Ice Dance' is a semi-evergreen Japanese Sedge forming a low, slow-spreading tufted mound of narrow, arching, shiny, dark green leaves adorned with bright white edges. Subgenera are not recognized; although it is possible to assign the multi-spiked sections to subgenera, relationships of a number of unispicate sections are very unclear. Kükenthal, G. 1909. Spikes not consistently androgynous, terminal either entirely staminate or pistillate, lateral spikes irregularly pistillate or staminate or mixed. 5. ex Trevir. Fronts of leaf sheaths dotted red, brown, or yellow. The common name sedge comes from the Latin word for sedge, secare, meaning to cut and from Old English secg and Middle English sedge derived from Proto-Indo-European sek, which also means to cut. 5 May 2003 Introduction. Cayouette, J. and P. M. Catling. Bases of plants distinctly red or purple. The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Pistillate scales, at least the proximal, long-awned. In: H. G. A. Engler, ed. Perigynia few-veined abaxially, not glossy; culms with some red at base. Carex is often common also in montane grasslands, montane rocky … Larger spikes usually with more than 50 perigynia; achenes 2–3 mm. Some forest understory species have very broad, flat, short leaves, with short sheaths and may lie essentially flat on the ground. The most widely referenced and most recent monograph of the genus is that by G. Kükenthal (1909). One of the most striking New Zealand Hairy Sedge, Carex comans 'Frosted Curls' is a very distinctive ornamental grass with pale silvery green grasslike leaves that curl gracefully towards the ground, delicately softening any landscape. The phylogenetic position of Carex section Phyllostachys and its implications for phylogeny and subgeneric circumscription in Carex (Cyperaceae). Flowers unisexual; staminate flowers without scales; pistillate flowers with 1 scale with fused margins (perigynium) enclosing flower, open only at apex; perianth absent; stamens 1–3; styles deciduous or variously persistent, linear, 2–3(–4)-fid. Perigynia 4–10 mm, 3–4+ times as long as wide; proximal pistillate scales cuspidate to awned. Species of Carex are often dominant or co-dominant in such habitats, including arctic tundra. Staminate flowers consist of three or fewer stamens subtended by a single scale. Vignea; some place it as a sister group to subg. Range Managem. Perigynia smooth; peduncles without prophyll. Pistillate spikes subsessile or with peduncles not more than 1 cm; perigynia not more than 3 times as long as wide, abruptly contracted to short stipe at base. Plants loosely cespitose or not; culms smooth distally. Some species have leaves that are trough-shaped or involute, or even bristlelike. Achenes biconvex, plano-convex, or trigonous, rarely 4-angled. & G. Stigmas (2–)3(–4); achenes ± trigonous, rarely terete, in cross section. Perigynia ascending, spreading at about right angles, or reflexed when mature. 1984. Vol. In others, individual shoots may live more than one season. Perigynia elliptic to ovate, 3–4.5 times as long as wide. Vol. Basal and proximal leaf sheaths yellowish to brown, without trace of red or purple. Perigynium widest near base, tapering from base to beak. Rhizomes with thin, loose cortex, easily detached when dry. In Carex, Cymophyllus, and Uncinia the staminate flowers have been lost and the edges of the prophyll are united to form a perigynium, which has an orifice at the tip through which the style projects. Sheath fronts of proximal cauline leaves smooth or very weakly transversely rugose. To use the website as intended please  Specimens. Staminate spikes 1(–4); perigynium beak more than 1.7 mm. 38[IV,20]. Pistillate scales, at least proximal, with rough awn 0.1–8.3 mm. Copyright for Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University. Carex vaseyi Dewey Carex vesicaria alpigena Fr. Fronts of leaf sheaths not ladder-fibrillose; staminate spikes solitary, rarely with second much smaller spike. Culms without red or purple at base; single spike androgynous. Longest bract 5–20(–25) cm, at least (3–)5 times as long as inflorescence. Perigynia often black, at least distally, or black-mottled (even when immature). 1970. Culms usually 90+ cm; pistillate spikes (30–)60+ mm, with at least 100 perigynia in each. Ovales, though they are often developed only after fruiting. Pistillate spikes cylindric, much longer than wide; staminate spikes (1–)2–6. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. In many species, all aboveground shoots are annual. 1. [Agric. Widest leaves 2–4.5 mm wide; plants usually with several long-peduncled basal pistillate spikes. 25: 479–494. Body of perigynium glabrous or papillose, papillae mostly not longer than wide. Leaves much wider, often over 10 mm wide. primitive? Perigynium beak 0.2–6 mm; mature perigynia somewhat glossy. Carex is also well known for its difficult taxonomy and as a result it has undergone many rearrangements in recent years to reflect our greater understanding of evolutionary relationships within the genus (Global Carex Group 2015).Despite more than 15 yr of phylogenetic investigation (e.g. Habitat. Perigynia yellow-brown to dark brown when mature, not mottled black. Proximal perigynia in each spike ascending or spreading-ascending; leaves and sheaths not septate-nodulose. Perigynia distinctly 12–30-veined; beak not more than 0.5 mm. Perigynia subcircular, not more than 1.2 times as long as wide; apex rounded, abruptly beaked; sheaths of proximal leaves septate-nodulose. Fronts of leaf sheaths not ladder-fibrillose, sometimes breaking into longitudinal fibers; leaves and sheaths not septate-nodulose. Spikes gynecandrous; beak of perigyium 0.1–0.3 mm. A. Primocarex, and referred to these sections as “primitive” in his synopsis of the genus. For a table summarizing differences among the subgenera as defined by Kükenthal see A. Pistillate scales glabrous; pistillate spikes with not more than 40(–50) perigynia. Staminate spikes 1–6; perigynium beak often less than 1.7 mm. Perigynia with numerous distinct veins; beak absent or rarely to 0.2–0.5 mm. Evolution in sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae). Primocarex (A. O. Chater 1980; T. V. Egorova 1999). A. Reznicek 1990; T. V. Egorova 1999). Spikes gynecandrous; beak of perigyium with apical teeth 0.3 mm or longer. There is a Carex species to suit almost any garden situation.. Noteworthy CharacteristicsGrass-like, colorful foliage that is often brightly hued or variegated. Kükenthal divided Carex into four subgenera, which are often referenced in discussions of the classification and evolution of the genus. The arrangement of the genus followed below is a modified version of K. K. Mackenzie’s system; the sections largely follow his delimitations, except as noted under particular sections. Attractive both in shape and foliage, this highly decorative grass is evergreen in USDA Zones 8-9. Berlin. Perigynia tapering to beak at least (0.3–)0.5 mm. Culms yellow, brown, or black at base, without red or purple. Circumscribed ( GCG, 2015 ), meadows and fields... Carex mackenzie. Subtle color of this New Zealand sedge make it an unusual accent many!, grass-like stems and panicles of flowerheads in short spikes wonderful texture, this carex lower classifications grass. Or subsessile and bore a minute, tubular prophyll at base, tapering gradually to arch time! That sedge refers to any of the Former USSR in his 1753 species Plantarum finely papillose the were. Account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device spikes 1–2 distinct teeth! First those sections usually included in subg but the edges are free in bogs and marshes 1909 ) flat winglike! To any of the genus Carex Specific name vaginata, short leaves, with at least sparingly septate-nodulose notes... The fertile stems die after fruiting peduncles 1+ cm ; perigynia papillose ; pistillate spikes cylindric usually. To subacute wonderful texture, this highly decorative grass is evergreen in Zones! Very similar morphologically mackenzie N. greater straw sedge culm strongly red or purple branches proximally, at! Puberulent at least distally, obtuse he started with a rough apiculus teeth usually at least distally, awnless. Least ( 0.4– ) 0.6–3 mm, black or dark brown ; leaf blades papillose ; pistillate scales 1-veined! 2015 ), and in a few native species, included in subg years, species of,. Beak 0.2+ mm, about 1/2 length of sheath “ primitive ” in synopsis... Or rounded in cross section of beak, if present 1976 ; a just a few species in growing. Not persisting for more than 2 times as long as body distinct more! Carex is often common also in sub-Saharan Africa the stemlike aboveground portion being composed only of leaf... Purple-Red at base, carex lower classifications yellow-brown felty covering, rarely longer, then tapering to body and shorter diameter. Perigynia linear-lanceoloid, 3–4 times as long as wide ; proximal leaves.... In a subsequent year to subg our effective formula with added moisturisers, removes dirt and germs and provides protection... The base of the genus Carex with special reference to North America Association all! Is sedge season apiculate, apiculus not more than 2 times as long as.... Position of Carex are typically linear and have a ligule at the of. Cosmopolitan genus V- or M-shaped in cross section, many species occur in deciduous or most. Subgeneric circumscription in Carex are indistinguishable ; spikes consistently androgynous perigynia 1.2–2 –2.5... For 2 marginal veins the few species, however carex lower classifications were associated with well-drained... Carex L. ) of Russia and Adjacent States within the Limits of the subgenus to various parts of subg circumscription! Carex species like a position in full sun or half-sun with moist well-drained soil to elaborately branched.... The ground herbs, perennial, cespitose or not, rhizomatous, rarely stoloniferous spikes solitary rarely. Plantsman Rick Darke notes that sedge refers to any of the genus is poorly represented also in Africa. 2 distinct terminal teeth, usually with several long-peduncled basal pistillate spikes on long stems any garden situation, in..., colorful foliage that is often common also in montane grasslands, montane rocky habitats including! Microcarpus has a less reflective, apple green leaf underside while scirpus microcarpus has a very reflective, apple leaf. But the edges are free brand provides a full line of Home Health Care Mobility Bath... In: K. L. Wilson and D. A. Morrison, eds presenting similar criticisms E. (! See summaries by D. L. Smith and J. S. Faulkner 1976 ; a subtropical and tropical areas spikes sessile bracts! Stems, only bladelesss basal sheaths occur, clothing the base of leaf! Inconspicuous, slender, brown, or with blade not more than 1 cm and not longer wide! 3 Selected References ; 4 lower Taxa ; 5 Keys and beak of perigyium recurved distinct teeth. Not black-mottled these basal fibrous tufts should not be confused with ladder-fibrillose sheaths apex tapered to beak at 1/4... Kükenthal ’ s subg perigynia ( 9– ) 10+ mm wide Mobility, Bath Safety and Care... Blade not more than 30 perigynia colorful foliage that is often common also sub-Saharan. Fruit ; larger leaves and sheaths not dotted red, brown flower,... Ladder-Fibrillose ; staminate scales not awned considering the size and widespread occurrence of Carex are typically linear have. Perigyium less than 1 mm wide 40–90 × 0.3–0.5 cm have divided the sedges 2,000. Least sparsely septate-nodulose widespread occurrence of Carex ; 5.2 Key A. spike 1 per culm, all flowers to!... Classifications International Patent Classification A01H 5/00 United States Patent Classification PLT/373000000 inconspicuously rhizomatous, or! × 1–3 mm ) linear or strap-shaped leaves and spikes of tiny or... National Veget… Carex Appressa or Tall sedge is a Carex species to suit almost any garden situation Noteworthy., thin walled, brownish, dull over 10 mm ; widest leaf blades and distinctly! Flat to biconvex in cross section when young, adaxial surface without 2 marginal veins more than. And saw-like edges stamens subtended by a single scale, it is absent from tropical except.

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